Hortus Medicus

Medicinal Plants

Grounds

Architecture

Trees

Shrubs

Groundcovers

Registry of Dedicated Plants

Ginkgo

9/11 Memorial

Green Team Hawthorn

Alliance Donates Armillary Sphere

Armillary History

Hippocratic Sycamore

Franklinia

Pond System

Atrium Ecosystem

Wildflower Garden

List of Wildflowers

Officinalis

 
 

 


 

List of Medicinal Herbs

Since prehistoric times, in all ages, in all civilizations and in all quadrants of the globe, plants have been proven to have or have been thought to have medicinal properties.There are more than one thousand four hundred plants including trees, shrubs, and groundcovers in the plant kingdom that are considered to be medicinal plants. In the Linneal binomial system of plant taxonomy, more than sixty plants have been given the species name officinalis, officinale or officinarum. The group has a great deal of diversity and it includes a rose, a peony, several culinary herbs, and several vegetables.

Etymology of Officinalis
Officina, a noun, is a Medievel Latin word derived from the noun opificina that was later shortened to officina. It referred originally to a workshop, later to a monastic storeroom, then to an herb store and finally to a pharmacy. The adjective, officinalis, in all of its declined forms is used in botanical Latin to mean used in medicine in the sense of used in the practice of medicine.

Officinalis, officinale, officinarum, all adjectives, are the same word with different endings and they all mean used in medicine. The word ending changes because in Latin the adjective modifying the noun must agree with the noun in gender, case and number. All three forms, officinalis, officinale, and officinarum are in the genitive case. If the noun is singular and the gender is either masculine or feminine, the modifying adjective is officinalis. If the noun is neuter, the modifying adjective is officinale. If the noun is feminine and plural and belongs to the first declension, the modifying adjective is officinarum.

Medicinalis is an adjective. In botanical Latin, it means currently used in medicine in the sense of used in the practice of medicine.

List of Plants
The following is a list of these medicinal plants. The linked names can be found in the medicinal herb garden, Hortus Medicus.

Alpinia officinarum
Galangal
Althaea officinalis
Marsh mallow
Anchusa officinalis
Alkanet
Archangelica officinalis
Garden Angelica
Aricennia officinalis
Indian Mangrove
Asparagus officinalis
Asparagus
Borago officinalis
Borage
Calendula officinalis
Pot Marigold
Ceterach officinarum
Rustyback Fern
Cinchona officinalis
Cinchona (Peruvian bark)
Cochlearia officinale
Scurvy Grass
Copaifera officinalis
Copaiba
Cornus officinalis
Shan Zhu Yu
Cynoglossum officinale
Hound’s Tongue
Emblica officinalis
Indian Gooseberry
Euphrasia officinalis
Eyebright
Euphorbia officinarum
Spurge
Fumaria officinalis
Fumitory

Galega officinalis
Goat’s Rue

Galipea officinalis
Angostura
Guaiacum officinale
Lignum Vitae
Hyssopus officinalis
Hyssop
Jasminum officinale
Common Jasmine
Lavendula officinalis
Lavender
Levisticum officinale
Lovage
Lithospermum officinale
Gromwell
Magnolia officinalis
Magnolia
Mandragora officinalis/arum
Mandrake
Melissa officinalis
Lemon Balm
Melilotus officinalis
Melilot Sweet Clover
Morinda officinalis
Ba Ji Tan
Nasturtium officinale
Watercress
Paeonia officinalis ‘Mollis’ Paeonia officinalis ‘Alba Plena’ Paeonia officinalis ‘Rosea Plena’ Paeonia officinalis ‘Rubra Plena’
Peony BAI SHAO YAO (Chinese)
Pilosella officinarum
Mouse-ear Hawkweed
Pimenta officinalis
Allspice
Polyporus officinalis
White Agaric
Pulmonaria officinalis
Lungwort
Rosa gallica officinalis
Apothecary Rose
Rosmarinus officinalis
Rosemary
Saccharum officinarum
Sugarcane
Salvia officinalis
‘Aurea’, ‘Icterina’, ‘Tricolor’ Sage
Sanguisorbia officinalis
Greater Burnet
Saponaria officinalis
Soapwort
Sassafras officinale
Sassafras
Schoenocaulon officinale
Cevadilla
Sisymbrium officinale
Hedge Mustard
Smilax officinalis
Sarsaparilla
Stachys officinalis
Betony
Styrax officinale
Snow Bush
Symphytum officinale
Comfrey
Taraxacum officinale
Dandelion
Valeriana officinalis
Garden Heliotrope
Verbena officinalis
Vervaine
Veronica officinalis
Speedwell
Zingiber officinale
Ginger
Alkekengi officinale
Cape Gooseberry or Strawberry Tomato
Foeniculum capillaceum/officinale
Common Garden Fennel
Marjorana officinale
Sweet Marjoram
Peucedanum officinale
Hog’s Fennel
Rhubarb officinale
English Rhubarb
Vincetoxicum officinale
Ipecacuanha
Rosa bifera officinalis